Water jet cutting is an industrial cutting method that involves the use of a tool called a water jet cutter. Another name for a water jet machine is just a water jet machines . A water jet cutter works by the principle of cutting materials by use of release of pressurized water jets. The jet could also be composed of a combination of water and another coarse material.
The coarse compound has a resultant output in the cutting of metals and other hard materials. In most cutting applications, high temperatures released may damage the materials. In this case the water jet cutting method is used. A water jet cutter is also able to perform shaping and reaming in addition to cutting.
This cutting tool has changed in design and mode of operation since it’s discovery. With the arrival of steam power, vessels of high pressure and pumps became more reliable and less costly. A fusion of a forced water releasing machine and a water duct resulted in the creation of the water jet.
The use of water under high pressure through a nozzle is the same principle for all water jet cutters. A pressure tool generates force on the water used in most water jet cutters. There are two different pumps used which use different methods of generating high pressure. The high powered jet is caused by creating a forceful effect on the water to squirt it out. The abrasive material is not initially mixed with the water but it is later fed in through an inlet. The coarse substance then combines with the water and the mixture is forcefully ejected through a nozzle.
Water jet cutters creating companies determine the availability of the tools in their preferred specifications. Water jet cutters are categorized according to their sizes and also according to the pump ratings. Application of water cutting method results in vast advantages.
Like earlier stated, a water jet cutter doesn’t produce high temperatures hence it doesn’t interfere with structures of materials. Water jet cutting results into a perfect outcome of material property preservation. This mode of cutting is more effective and efficient compared to other cutting methods.
Water jet cutters are also able to attain high levels of accuracy when cutting. The amount of scrap produced from the material is minimized. The user does not come into contact with harmful material like smoke, particles of dust and fumes when applying the water jet cutting method. There is no risk of the user being cut or injured by a contact cutting tool.
Materials are not damaged by the water jet cutting stream and hence a suitable method for fragile and soft materials. There is usually a number of guidelines set for efficient operation of the tool. The recommendations, when put into correct practice, usually provide for a great output by the tool.